TransGas Ltd. v. Mid‑Plains Contractors Ltd.,  3 S.C.R. 753
Non‑Labour Lien Claimants Appellants
Her Majesty The Queen in right of Canada
as represented by the Minister of National
Revenue ‑‑ Taxation Respondent
TransGas Limited, Saskatchewan Workers'
Compensation Board, P. E. Ben Industries
Company Ltd., A. M. Inspection Ltd.,
Certified Rentals Ltd., Arrow Welding & Industrial
Supplies Inc., Permanent Concrete (Division of
LaFarge Canada) and Japa Industries Ltd. Respondents
Indexed as: TransGas Ltd. v. Mid‑Plains Contractors Ltd.
File No.: 23549.
1994: November 3.
Present: Lamer C.J. and La Forest, L'Heureux‑Dubé, Sopinka, Gonthier, Cory, McLachlin, Iacobucci and Major JJ.
on appeal from the court of appeal for saskatchewan
Constitutional law ‑‑ Division of powers ‑‑ Property and civil rights ‑‑ Taxation ‑‑ Income Tax Act providing for seizure of funds owing by tax debtor ‑‑ Priority given over other security interests created by province ‑‑ Whether or not manner in which money obtained ultra vires federal Parliament ‑‑ Constitution Act, 1867, s. 92(13) ‑‑ Income Tax Act, S.C. 1987, c. 46, s. 224(1.2), (1.3).
Statutes and Regulations Cited
Income Tax Act, S.C. 1987, c. 46, s. 224(1.2) [am. by S.C. 1990, c. 34, s. 1], (1.3).
APPEAL from a judgment of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal (1993) 105 Sask. R. 211, 32 W.A.C. 211, 101 D.L.R. (4th) 238,  4 W.W.R. 337, 93 D.T.C. 5391, 1 C.T.C. 280, 14 C.R.R. (2d) 311, 8 C.L.R. (2d) 293, allowing an appeal from a judgment of MacPherson C.J.Q.B. (1991), 98 Sask. R. 1, 86 D.L.R. (4th) 251,  2 W.W.R. 256, 92 D.T.C. 6074, 1 C.T.C. 151, 48 C.L.R. 39. Appeal dismissed. The constitutional question should be answered in the negative.
Murray R. Sawatsky, for the appellants.
Edward R. Sojonky, Q.C., and Mark R. Kindrachuk, for the respondent Her Majesty The Queen in right of Canada as represented by the Minister of National Revenue ‑‑ Taxation.
No one appearing for the respondent Saskatchewan Workers' Compensation Board.
The judgment of the Court was delivered orally by
Lamer C.J. ‑‑ The Court is of the view that this appeal be dismissed, substantially for the reasons given by Tallis J.A. of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, with costs to the appellants as between solicitor and client payable out of and limited to the interest on the principal of the fund.
The constitutional question is answered as follows:
Question:Does the manner in which moneys are obtained pursuant to s. 224(1.2) and (1.3) of the Income Tax Act [both enacted by S.C. 1987, c. 46, s. 66; s. 224(1.2) amended by S.C. 1990, c. 34, s. 1] constitute an infringement of the jurisdiction of the Legislature of Saskatchewan with respect to the regulation of property and civil rights pursuant to s. 92(13) of the Constitution Act, 1867, or any other provincial power under that Act, so that the manner in which moneys are obtained or any part of it is ultra vires the Parliament of Canada?
Solicitors for the appellants: McDougall, Ready, Regina.
Solicitor for the respondent Her Majesty The Queen in right of Canada as represented by the Minister of National Revenue ‑‑ Taxation: John C. Tait, Ottawa.
Solicitor for the respondent Saskatchewan Workers' Compensation Board: Saskatchewan Workers' Compensation Board, Regina.