SUPREME COURT OF CANADA
Citation : R. v. Whyte, 2011 SCC 49,  3 S.C.R. 364
Date : 20111020
Docket : 33965
Her Majesty The Queen
Coram : Deschamps, Fish, Abella, Rothstein and Cromwell JJ.
Reasons for Judgment :
(paras. 1 to 2)
Deschamps J. (Fish, Abella, Rothstein and Cromwell JJ. concurring)
R. v. Whyte, 2011 SCC 49,  3 S.C.R. 364
Mark Whyte Appellant
Her Majesty The Queen Respondent
Indexed as: R. v. Whyte
2011 SCC 49
File No.: 33965.
2011: October 20.
Present: Deschamps, Fish, Abella, Rothstein and Cromwell JJ.
on appeal from the court of appeal for ontario
Constitutional law — Charter of Rights — Enforcement — Exclusion of evidence — Conduct of police not constituting violation of ss. 8 and 9 of Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms — Evidence obtained pursuant to arrest and search improperly excluded at trial.
APPEAL from a judgment of the Ontario Court of Appeal (Rosenberg, Cronk and Epstein JJ.A.), 2011 ONCA 24, 272 O.A.C. 317, 266 C.C.C. (3d) 5, 225 C.R.R. (2d) 223,  O.J. No. 126 (QL), 2011 CarswellOnt 124, setting aside the acquittal entered by Ricchetti J., 2010 ONSC 979, 214 C.R.R. (2d) 71,  O.J. No. 1295 (QL), 2010 CarswellOnt 1917, and entering a conviction. Appeal dismissed.
Reid Rusonik and Nathan Gorham, for the appellant.
Jennifer M. Woollcombe, for the respondent.
The judgment of the Court was delivered orally by
 Deschamps J. ― We are of the view that the Court of Appeal did not err in finding that, as a matter of law,
[s]ince the police had reasonable grounds, subjective and objective, to believe that the occupants of the vehicle were in possession of illegal firearms, the arrest of the occupants of the vehicle and search as an incident of the arrest were lawful. There was no violation of the respondent’s rights under ss. 8 and 9 of the Charter and the evidence should not have been excluded.
(2011 ONCA 24, 266 C.C.C. (3d) 5, at para. 32)
 The appeal is therefore dismissed.
Solicitors for the appellant: Rusonik, O’Connor, Robbins, Ross, Gorham & Angelini, Toronto.
Solicitor for the respondent: Attorney General of Ontario, Toronto.