SUPREME COURT OF CANADA
Citation: R. v. Blanchard, 2019 SCC 9,  1 S.C.R. 486
Appeal Heard: February 13, 2019
Judgment Rendered: February 13, 2019
Her Majesty The Queen
Coram: Wagner C.J. and Abella, Moldaver, Karakatsanis, Gascon, Côté, Brown, Rowe and Martin JJ.
Reasons for Judgment:
Brown J. (Wagner C.J. and Abella, Moldaver, Karakatsanis, Gascon, Côté, Brown Rowe and Martin JJ. concurring)
R. v. Blanchard, 2019 SCC 9,  1 S.C.R. 486
Kathleen Blanchard Appellant
Her Majesty The Queen Respondent
Indexed as: R. v. Blanchard
2019 SCC 9
File No.: 38258.
2019: February 13.
Present: Wagner C.J. and Abella, Moldaver, Karakatsanis, Gascon, Côté, Brown, Rowe and Martin JJ.
on appeal from the court of appeal for quebec
Criminal law — Defences — Automatism — Extreme intoxication akin to automatism — Accused charged with refusing to comply with demand to provide breath sample — Crown conceding availability of defence of extreme intoxication akin to automatism at trial and during oral argument at Court of Appeal — Court of Appeal erred in raising and deciding availability of defence in view of Crown’s concession —Acquittal restored.
APPEAL from a judgment of the Quebec Court of Appeal (Doyon, Bouchard and Mainville JJ.A.), 2018 QCCA 1069,  AZ-51506641,  Q.J. No. 5689 (QL), 2018 CarswellQue 5523 (WL Can.), setting aside the acquittal entered by Vanchestein J.C.Q., 2016 QCCQ 9556,  AZ-51324967,  J.Q. no 12000 (QL), and entering a conviction. Appeal allowed.
Giuseppe Battista, for the appellant.
Maxime Hébrard and Kevin Mailhiot, for the respondent.
The judgment of the Court was delivered orally by
 Brown J. — We would allow the appeal. At trial and during oral argument at the Court of Appeal, the Crown conceded the availability of the defence of extreme intoxication akin to automatism, to a charge of failing to provide a breath sample. In light of this, and in our respectful view, the majority at the Court of Appeal erred in raising and deciding the availability of that defence. Having regard to the Crown’s concession, we are not persuaded that the trial judge erred in law in his understanding or application of the defence of automatism. In these unusual circumstances, it would not be in the interests of justice to overturn this acquittal, and we therefore restore it. In doing so, however, we expressly refrain from deciding the availability of this defence in the absence of an adequate record on the constitutional issues, full submissions and notice to the proper parties.
Solicitors for the appellant: Battista Turcot Israel Corbo, Montréal.
Solicitor for the respondent: Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions, Longueuil.